Pest control is the management or regulation of a specific species defined as an invasive species, a member of the arboreal animal kingdom that negatively affects human life on a large scale. The term pest refers to any living or non-living object that interferes with humans. The activities of pest control in the domestic setting commonly include the prevention of insect infestation, the removal or destruction of an object that invades homes or places of worship. In other cases pests may be prevented by employing fumigation, freezing, or dehumidification methods. These methods are commonly utilized for the control of termites, ants, cockroaches, fleas, and rodents.
When considering methods of control, it is essential to understand and incorporate several options. In terms of preventing insects from invading a home or commercial establishment the implementation of fumigation is one of the most popular ways. The use of bait is also beneficial because it aids in the capture and prevention of pests. An integrated pest management plan should utilize the use of bait as a successful long-term solution.
It is common for homeowners to attempt the self-treatment of termite infestation. In many instances, these homeowners do not realize that they have been infested. This is because the majority of these insects will reside underground and will often move under carpets, furnishings, and walls. Another reason these creatures can remain undetected is because they feed during the day and emerge at night to feed on food left within the home or structure. In addition, termites will travel through cracks and crevices, so it is possible for them to reenter an infested home or building after the treatment has been completed. These pests have developed the ability to multiply rapidly, which allows them to quickly multiply from a single species into an infestation of hundreds of bugs.
When considering the use of pest extermination, it is common to turn to baits. Commonly used baits consist of sticky traps, which contain either a chemical or a poison that exterminates the pests when they bite. Another option is to place the baited traps in strategic areas of the home or building. These baits are usually placed near cracks and crevices, but the insects have been known to utilize other means of entry in order to spread their infestation.
One way to reduce the number of insect pests that invade a structure is through crop rotation. With crop rotation, a certain amount of insects are placed in a specific area of a land mass. For example, during certain seasons, only certain insects can survive in this location. During the summer season, these insects lay their eggs and later emerge to feed on them. In the springtime, they move outdoors to find new food sources and eventually die off.
Biocides are widely used as a form of control for various pest infestations. Biological pesticides are available in liquid sprays, granular products, and bait that can be hidden in plants. These baits kill the pests as they crawl on the soil or climb through the bark of trees, and are safe for both people and pets. They are most effective when sprayed on selected crops to be harvested, and can also be used around foundations to prevent access by rodents or other insects that may try to access the foundation.